Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction with Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Allograft
Phase I (Weeks 0-4)
- Weightbearing: As tolerated with crutches (may be modified if concomitant meniscal repair/meniscal transplant or articular cartilage procedure is performed)
- Hinged Knee Brace: - Locked in full extension for ambulation and sleeping (Weeks 0-1).- Unlocked for ambulation and removed while sleeping (Weeks 1-4).
- Range of Motion – AAROM à AROM as tolerated.
- Therapeutic Exercises:- Quad/Hamstring sets and heel slides.- Non-weightbearing stretch of the Gastroc/Soleus.- Straight-Leg Raise with brace in full extension until quad strength prevents extension lag.
Phase II (Weeks 4-6)
- Weightbearing: As tolerated — discontinue crutch use.
- Hinged Knee Brace: Discontinue brace use when patient has achieved full extension with no evidence of extension lag.
- Range of Motion – Maintain full knee extension – work on progressive knee flexion with the help of Chiropractor Kissimmee.
- Therapeutic Exercises:- Closed chain extension exercises.- Hamstring curls.- Toe raises.- Balance exercises.- Progress to weightbearing stretch of the Gastroc/Soleus.- Begin use of the stationary bicycle.
Phase III (Weeks 6-16)
- Weightbearing: Full weightbearing.
- Range of Motion – Full/Painless ROM.
- Therapeutic Exercises:- Advance closed chain strengthening exercises, proprioception activities.- Begin use of the Stairmaster/Elliptical.- Can Start Straight Ahead Running at 12 Weeks.
Phase IV (Months 4-6)
- Continue with strengthening (quad/hamstring) and flexibility.
- Begin cutting exercises and sport-specific drills.
- Maintenance program for strength and endurance.
- Return to sports at 6 months.